V1043. A global object variable is declared in the header. Multiple copies of it will be created in all translation units that include this header file.


The analyzer has detected a declaration of a constant object in a header file. Including this file using the 'include' directive will result in creating multiple copies of that object. If the class has a constructor, it will be called each time the header is included, which may have undesirable side effects.

For example:

//some_header.h

class MyClass
{
  int field1;
  int field2;
  MyClass (int a, int b)
  {
    // ....
  }
};

// ....

const MyClass object{1, 2}; // <=

The diagnostic ignores classes and structures with no constructors defined. The following code snippet will not trigger the warning:

//some_header.h

struct MyStruct
{
  int field1;
  int field2;
};

// ....

const MyStruct object{1, 2};

You can also avoid this error by declaring the variable as 'inline' (starting with C++17) or 'extern'. With this fix, the variable initialization and constructor call will be performed only once.

Fixed version:

//some_header.h

class MyClass
{
  // ....
};

// ....

inline const MyClass object{1, 2};

This issue is discussed in detail in the article "What Every C++ Developer Should Know to (Correctly) Define Global Constants".


Bugs Found

Checked Projects
355
Collected Errors
13 303