V651. An odd operation of the 'sizeof(X)/sizeof(T)' kind is performed, where 'X' is of the 'class' type.

The analyzer has detected a potential error in an expression of the 'sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])' kind. The strange thing is that the 'X' object is a class instance.

The 'sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]) ' is usually used to calculate the number of items in the 'X' array. The error might occur during careless code refactoring. The 'X' variable was an ordinary array at first and was then replaced with a container class, while calculation of the items number remained the same.

Consider an example of incorrect code:

#define countof( x ) (sizeof(x)/sizeof(x[0]))
Container<int, 4> arr;
for( int i = 0; i < countof(arr); i++ )
{ .... }

The programmer expected the code to calculate the number of the items of the 'arr' variable. But the resulting value is the class size divided by the size of the 'int'- variable. Most likely, this value is not in any way related to the number of data items being stored in the container.

This is the fixed code:

const size_t count = 4;
Container<int, count> arr;
for( int i = 0; i < arr.size(); i++ )
{ .... }

According to Common Weakness Enumeration, potential errors found by using this diagnostic are classified as CWE-682.

Bugs Found

Checked Projects
Collected Errors
13 303