Классификация предупреждений PVS-Studio согласно стандартам: MISRA C, MISRA C++


MISRA C и MISRA C++ - это стандарты разработки программного обеспечения, созданные организацией MISRA (Motor Industry Software Reliability Association). Цель стандартов - улучшить безопасность, переносимость и надежность программ для встраиваемых систем.

Анализатор ориентирован на последние версии стандартов: MISRA C:2012 и MISRA C++:2008.

Код ошибкиНазвание ошибкиMISRA Rule
V2501MISRA. Octal constants should not be used.MISRA-C-7.1, MISRA-CPP-2.13.2
V2502MISRA. The 'goto' statement should not be used.MISRA-C-15.1
V2503MISRA. Implicitly specified enumeration constants should be unique – consider specifying non-unique constants explicitly.MISRA-C-8.12
V2504MISRA. Size of an array is not specified.MISRA-C-8.11, MISRA-CPP-3.1.3
V2505MISRA. The 'goto' statement shouldn't jump to a label declared earlier.MISRA-C-15.2, MISRA-CPP-6.6.2
V2506MISRA. A function should have a single point of exit at the end.MISRA-C-15.5, MISRA-CPP-6.6.5
V2507MISRA. The body of a loop\conditional statement should be enclosed in braces.MISRA-C-15.6, MISRA-CPP-6.3.1, MISRA-CPP-6.4.1
V2508MISRA. The function with the 'atof/atoi/atoll/atoll' name should not be used.MISRA-C-21.7, MISRA-CPP-18.0.2
V2509MISRA. The function with the 'abort/exit/getenv/system' name should not be used.MISRA-C-21.8, MISRA-CPP-18.0.3
V2510MISRA. The function with the 'qsort/bsearch' name should not be used.MISRA-C-21.9
V2511MISRA. Memory allocation and deallocation functions should not be used.MISRA-C-21.3, MISRA-CPP-18.4.1
V2512MISRA. The macro with the 'setjmp' name and the function with the 'longjmp' name should not be used.MISRA-C-21.4, MISRA-CPP-17.0.5
V2513MISRA. Unbounded functions performing string operations should not be used.MISRA-CPP-18.0.5
V2514MISRA. Unions should not be used.MISRA-C-19.2, MISRA-CPP-9.5.1
V2515MISRA. Declaration should contain no more than two levels of pointer nesting.MISRA-C-18.5, MISRA-CPP-5.0.19
V2516MISRA. The 'if' ... 'else if' construct should be terminated with an 'else' statement.MISRA-C-15.7, MISRA-CPP-6.4.2
V2517MISRA. Literal suffixes should not contain lowercase characters.MISRA-C-7.3, MISRA-CPP-2.13.4
V2518MISRA. The 'default' label should be either the first or the last label of a 'switch' statement.MISRA-C-16.5
V2519MISRA. Every 'switch' statement should have a 'default' label, which, in addition to the terminating 'break' statement, should contain either a statement or a comment.MISRA-C-16.4
V2520MISRA. Every switch-clause should be terminated by an unconditional 'break' or 'throw' statement.MISRA-C-16.3, MISRA-CPP-6.4.5
V2521MISRA. Only the first member of enumerator list should be explicitly initialized, unless all members are explicitly initialized.MISRA-CPP-8.5.3
V2522MISRA. The 'switch' statement should have 'default' as the last label.MISRA-CPP-6.4.6
V2523MISRA. All integer constants of unsigned type should have 'u' or 'U' suffix.MISRA-C-7.2, MISRA-CPP-2.13.3
V2524MISRA. A switch-label should only appear at the top level of the compound statement forming the body of a 'switch' statement.MISRA-C-16.2, MISRA-CPP-6.4.4
V2525MISRA. Every 'switch' statement should contain non-empty switch-clauses.MISRA-C-16.6, MISRA-CPP-6.4.8
V2526MISRA. The functions from time.h/ctime should not be used.MISRA-C-21.10, MISRA-CPP-18.0.4
V2527MISRA. A switch-expression should not have Boolean type. Consider using of 'if-else' construct.MISRA-CPP-6.4.7
V2528MISRA. The comma operator should not be used.MISRA-C-12.3, MISRA-CPP-5.18.1
V2529MISRA. Any label should be declared in the same block as 'goto' statement or in any block enclosing it.MISRA-C-15.3, MISRA-CPP-6.6.1
V2530MISRA. Any loop should be terminated with no more than one 'break' or 'goto' statement.MISRA-C-15.4, MISRA-CPP-6.6.4
V2531MISRA. Expression of essential type 'foo' should not be explicitly cast to essential type 'bar'.MISRA-C-10.5
V2532MISRA. String literal should not be assigned to object unless it has type of pointer to const-qualified char.MISRA-C-7.4
V2533MISRA. C-style and functional notation casts should not be performed.MISRA-CPP-5.2.4
V2534MISRA. The loop counter should not have floating-point type.MISRA-C-14.1, MISRA-CPP-6.5.1
V2535MISRA. Unreachable code should not be present in the project.MISRA-C-2.1, MISRA-CPP-0.1.1
V2536MISRA. Function should not contain labels not used by any 'goto' statements.MISRA-C-2.6
V2537MISRA. Functions should not have unused parameters.MISRA-C-2.7, MISRA-CPP-0.1.11
V2538MISRA. The value of uninitialized variable should not be used.MISRA-C-9.1, MISRA-CPP-8.5.1
V2539MISRA. Class destructor should not exit with an exception.MISRA-CPP-15.5.1
V2540MISRA. Arrays should not be partially initialized.MISRA-C-9.3
V2541MISRA. Function should not be declared implicitly.MISRA-C-17.3
V2542MISRA. Function with a non-void return type should return a value from all exit paths.MISRA-C-17.4, MISRA-CPP-8.4.3
V2543MISRA. Value of the essential character type should be used appropriately in the addition/subtraction operations.MISRA-C-10.2
V2544MISRA. The values used in expressions should have appropriate essential types.MISRA-C-10.1
V2545MISRA. Conversion between pointers of different object types should not be performed.MISRA-C-11.3
V2546MISRA. Expression resulting from the macro expansion should be surrounded by parentheses.MISRA-CPP-16.0.6, MISRA-C-20.7
V2547MISRA. The return value of non-void function should be used.MISRA-C-17.7, MISRA-CPP-0.1.7
V2548MISRA. The address of an object with local scope should not be passed out of its scope.MISRA-C-18.6, MISRA-CPP-7.5.2
V2549MISRA. Pointer to FILE should not be dereferenced.MISRA-C-22.5
V2550MISRA. Floating-point values should not be tested for equality or inequality.MISRA-CPP-6.2.2
V2551MISRA. Variable should be declared in a scope that minimizes its visibility.MISRA-CPP-3.4.1
V2552MISRA. Expressions with enum underlying type should have values corresponding to the enumerators of the enumeration.MISRA-CPP-7.2.1
V2553MISRA. Unary minus operator should not be applied to an expression of the unsigned type.MISRA-CPP-5.3.2
V2554MISRA. Expression containing increment (++) or decrement (--) should not have other side effects.MISRA-C-13.3, MISRA-CPP-5.2.10
V2555MISRA. Incorrect shifting expression.MISRA-C-12.2, MISRA-CPP-5.8.1
V2556MISRA. Use of a pointer to FILE when the associated stream has already been closed.MISRA-C-22.6
V2557MISRA. Operand of sizeof() operator should not have other side effects.MISRA-C-13.6, MISRA-CPP-5.3.4

Найденные ошибки

Проверено проектов
363
Собрано ошибок
13 495

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